Saturday, January 19, 2013

Food Crops News 141

Food Crops News 141 update new global food crops.

Record Cold in China threatening Food Crops - ...
Winters seem to be growing gradually warmer in the United States but on the
other side of the world China is struggling amidst the coldest winter in
nearly 30 ...

food crop - The Economic Times
food crop Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from
The Economic Times. food crop Blogs, Comments and Archive News on ...

Four Food Crops Peace Tree Farm Will Grow, And Three It Won't ...
Peace Tree Farm is adding produce to its mix this year. Owner Lloyd Traven
shares his reasoning in selecting the right crop mix.

Food versus Fuel: Native Plants Make Better Ethanol
Scientific American
And, even if such cellulosic ethanol became a reality, it might still come
into conflict with food production. "If fuel became sufficiently valuable,
it might well displace food crops, as is now the case with corn grain
ethanol," Gelfand says. But ...

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Marginal lands eyed as biofuel source
16 (UPI) -- Marginal lands considered unsuitable for food crops could be
attractive locations for growing biofuel crops to meet a U.S.-mandated
target, researchers say. Such land could produce enough non-grain biofuel
to meet about 25 percent of the ...

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=== Web - 2 new results for [food crops] ===

food crop - The Economic Times
food crop Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from
The Economic Times. food crop Blogs, Comments and Archive News on ...

Four Food Crops Peace Tree Farm Will Grow, And Three It Won't ...
Peace Tree Farm is adding produce to its mix this year. Owner Lloyd Traven
shares his reasoning in selecting the right crop mix.

Global food crisis will worsen as heatwaves damage crops, research finds
The Guardian
The world's food crisis, where 1 billion people are already going hungry
and a further 2 billion people will be affected by 2050, is set to worsen
as increasing heatwaves reverse the rising crop yields seen over the last
50 years, according to new ...
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Video - Report Claims 30% of U.K. Food Crops Not Harvested - WSJ ...
As much as 30% of the U.K.'s vegetable crops aren't harvested due to
failure in meeting ...

AOL On - A Percentage of U.K. Food Crops Not Harvested
As much as 30% of the U.K.'s vegetable crops aren't harvested due to
failure in meeting exacting standards based on physical appearance says the
U.K.'s ...

food crops - The Source - WSJ
The U.K.'s big supermarket groups must stop wasteful practices such as
rejecting food on the basis of cosmetics and encouraging consumers to
purchase ... <>

Kagera US Food Crops Production
Bukoba — KAGERA Region has increased production of food crops from
1,946,938 tonnes during 2005 to 2,837,515 tonnes during 2010, equivalent to
45 per cent increase, the Kagera Regional Commissioner (RC) Fabian Massawe,
has announced.
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Palau seeks typhoon relief: Islands' food crops damaged
Pacific Daily News
Volunteer Willard Iyar, right, and Palau Community Association of Guam
members Jeanny Donatus, left, and Vera Belechl sort donated clothing items
at the Typhoon Bopha Relief Center in Barrigada Heights on Dec. 26. "The
people of Guam have been really ...

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Video (Relaxing, romantic music)

bởi Andreea Petcu

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Wednesday, January 9, 2013

Food Crops News 140

Food Crops News 140 update CASSVAVIET. "Vietnam cassava breeding overview: the broad perspective" including: 1) Overview of cassava breeding in Vietnam 1975-2012; 2) The lessons learned from Cassava in Vietnam and 3) Perspective and recommendation for projects 2013-2020


Hoang Kim (1), Le Huy Ham (2), Manabu Ishitani (3), Hernan Ceballos (3), Nguyen Van Bo (2), Tran Ngoc Ngoan (4), Kazuo Kawano (3), Reinhardt Howeler (3), Rod Lefroy (3), Nguyen Phuong (1), Hoang Long (2), Nguyen Thi Le Dung (2), Tran Cong Khanh (2), Vo Van Quang (2), Dao Trong Tuan (1), Nguyen Minh Cuong (1), Nguyen Van Vu (2) and Nguyen Van Dong (2)


Cassava breeding and varietal dissemination in Vietnam has made continuous progress. In Vietnam, cassava is now the fourth most important food crop and an important source of cash income for small farmers, who either use it for animal feeding or for sale to starch factories. In 2011, cassava production was about 9.87 million tonnes, up from only 1.99 million tonnes in 2000. This was the result of both area expansions, from 237,600 ha in 2000 to 559,800 ha in 2011, and marked increases in yield, from 8.36 t/ha in 2000 to 17.81 t/ha in 2011. There are now 68 cassava starch factories in operation with a total processing capacity of 8.8 million tonnes of fresh roots/year. Vietnam has recently developed an E10 policy requiring the production of 1,067 million liters of fuel-ethanol from 6.5 million tonnes of cassava fresh roots/year. Vietnam is now the second largest exporting country of cassava products while animal feed factories also contribute significantly to the increasing demand for cassava roots. Cassava yields and production in several provinces have more than doubled due to the planting of new high-yielding cassava varieties in about 504,000 ha, and the adoption of more sustainable production practices. During the past decade (1991-2000) the Vietnam Cassava Program (VNCP), in cooperation with CIAT, Vedan and other cassava processing factories, has developed and disseminated six new high- yielding varieties: KM94, KM98-1, SM937-26, KM95, KM95-3 and KM60. Since the period 2001-2011, a total of 24,073 cassava sexual seeds from CIAT and 37,210 seeds from 15 cross combinations made in Vietnam, 38 breeding lines (mainly from Thailand, China, CIAT and Brazil), and 31 local farmers’ varieties, have been planted. Of these, 98 of the best lines are now in the final stages of the selection process, and the most promising KM140, KM98-5 and KM98-7 has recently been released. Up to now, 10 promising new clones have been tested, of which KM419 very high promising will be selected for release (Hoang Kim et al. 2012). The objectives for further genetic improvement on cassava cooperative research project under the East Asia Joint Research Program (e-ASIA JRP) in Vietnam focus on: 1) genetic cassava transformation, gene and promoter discovery, selection doubled haploid lines derived from materials of CIAT/VIETNAM, and applying mutation in cassava breeding to increase the yield potential and starch content and obtain early harvest ability, sustainable disease resistance and to improve the nutritional value. 2) Selection and dissemination of high-yielding varieties with high starch contents and high tolerance of pest and diseases for South East (SE), Central Highland (CH), South Central Cost (SCC), and North Mountain (NM) regions of Vietnam. Research on integrated cultivation techniques and transfer of appropriate cultivation techniques for improved cassava varieties in smallholder farming systems for main regions to increase the productivity and economic efficiency of cassava production in different eco- regions; to focus on on increasing a source of income and meeting the varied needs of rural communities for export and domestic use of bio ethanol, cassava starch, and animal feeds.

Key words: cassava breeding overview, perspective, cassava promising varieties; Vietnam.

*Presentation to Kickoff Meeting of a Cooperative Research Project under the East Asia Joint Research Program (e-ASIA JRP) at AGI, Hanoi on Jan.8 and 9, 2013. The Oganization of: AGI/e-Asia JRP/RIKEN; Dr. Le Huy Ham, Director General of AGI; Prof.Dr. Motoaki Seki, Team Leader, Plant Genomic Network Research Team, RIKEN Plant Science Center; Dr. Kishida Eriko e-ASIA Special Program Coordinator

1. Nong Lam University (NLU), Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc dist., Ho Chi Minh city. email:,; mob.+84 903613024; website;;

2.Vietnam Academy Agricultural Sciences (VAAS), Thanh Tri, Hanoi,Vietnam, including Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI) and Institute of Agricultural Science for SVN (IAS)

3.International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia

4.College of Agro-Forestry (TUAF), Thai Nguyen University, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam

(Green Adress of KM419 in Daklak Địa chỉ xanh trồng mì cao sản KM419 ở Đăk Lăk)

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Global Starch Outlook & Competitiveness of Cassava Feedstock in new applications

Growing world wide demand for starch products from food to industrial applications has directed global attention in the cassava starch market and Asia's potential. Major cassava producers such as Vietnam and Thailand are gaining worldwide import interests, with cassava chips seeing increasingly exciting trades.

The threat of mealybug and other pests including green mites and whiteflies on cassava becomes more serious as these countries grapple with effective solutions to manage the disease.

According to CIAT, two key issues for cassava in the next five years will be exploitation of new starches, and development and implementation of new agronomic practices.

The caused of growth in cassava starch is also driven by spike in corn prices from UK to the US due to severe shortage and has caused starch and glucose processing margins to come under pressure.

Plant-based feedstocks is increasing finding applications in biochemicals and polymers. Roquette and Rhodia Acetow recently signed a joint agreement to speed up the development of new range of starch derivatives, to accelerate the launch of new polymers based on renewable materials, for which the demand is drastically increasing.

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Join CMT at 2nd Starch World 2013 in HCM City where we bring together an expert panel of speakers from the starch industry to explore following issues

Indepth report on Global Starch Market and Feedstocks Scenario
Competitiveness of starch sugar and cane sugar , comparing price dynamics with corn starch and sugar, and what this means for the competitiveness of cassava starch
Cassava Trade in Asia Including Cassava Starch and Chips
Potato Starch Production in Europe and Expectations on Supply for 2013
Focus on cassava starch based production in Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar , India
Can corn be grown in the SEA region ? Prospects for Downstream processing into starch and value added applications
Learning from Australia - Establishing a Large-Scale, Fully-Mechanised Cassava Plantation
Starch for paper making and corrugated board systems

Plus a halfday optional workshop on Cassava Agronomy Practices and Pest Management and optional visit to the Vedan Modified Starch Processing Facility.

Read more

Starch Word 2013

Food Crops News
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