Friday, August 1, 2014

Food Crops News 238

Food Crops News, Hoàng Kim, Tin Nông nghiệp Việt Nam
Cassava News; Chào ngày mớiCây Lương thựcHọc mỗi ngày,  
Update of Food Crops News from  27 July to 1 Aug, 2014.

The Guardian Nigeria

Civil Groups Caution African Countries Against Pro-GM Crops Campaigners
CONTRARY to reports that genetically modified (GM) crops will help ... declared an indefinite moratorium on all GM food crops, citing major gaps in the ...
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Crop forecasts point toward low costs for food processors
Here's a look at what we can expect from five of the most closely watched crops as autumn nears, and how the size of the harvests will affect food ...
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Jamaica Observer

There is no shortage of food, says minister
In addition, parishes such as Clarendon, Portland, St Mary and St Thomas, which are also significant producers of crops, have also been affected.
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Voice of America

African Small Farmers Could Be Key to Ending Food Insecurity
Small-scale farmers produce an estimated 80 percent of the continent's food each year, but most lack the capacities to sell their crops in commercial ...
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Ghana Broadcasting Corporation

GMOs And Food Sovereignty: Which Way Africa? – OpEd
They said the ban had contributed to food shortages in Kenya. ... 'Genetically-modified (GM) crops or any other breeding methods on their own cannot ...
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Blue Hill's Dan Barber: The farm-to-table movement has failed
Award-winning chef and food pioneer Dan Barber has bad news for ... The farm-to-table philosophy, which advocates locally grown food cultivated by ... land devoted to commodity crops such as corn, soy and wheat are increasing.
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Not just Centre, states don't want GM crops either
Meanwhile, senior scientists with Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) have said the field trials would commence in states that have provided ...
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Genetically Modification trials 'freeze' is wise
While proponents of modern technology say GM crops can help improve yields by reengineering genetic codes and stabilise food prices, many people ...
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USDA Implements Key Farm Bill Crop Insurance Provision
"America's agricultural producers work hard to produce a sufficient amount of ... It covers a portion of losses not covered by the same crop's underlying ...
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It's Time for Your Vegetable Garden to Go Native
But if you've ever attempted to keep thirsty food crops alive in a dry, hot California summer—a summer like the one we're currently experiencing, one ...
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Brought to you by APS / ACSESS
 Issue 149: July 30, 2014 
In this Issue

"From the Network" News
Resource Spotlight: Fungicides for Field Crops Manual
Fungicides for Field Crops is an online book which provides an overview of the current fungicide knowledge and their use on field crops. This applied resource combines past knowledge with recent developments in field crop fungicides, including resistance. It highlights the use of fungicides as key tools in the management of field crop diseases and also provides up-to-date management recommendations.
Turf MD, Tomato MD Apps at a Discount for Limited Time
The new Plant Health app, available for iPad and iPhone (iOS) devices, serves as a portal to the new APS app collection, which includes Turf MD and Tomato MD. These apps collectively offer peer-reviewed images, diagnostic keys, tools, tips, and recommendations for the identification and management of various turf and tomato diseases. Plant Health now includes a free demo of these features. Full versions are fully downloadable with or without an Internet connection. Turf MD and Tomato MD are available at the discounted prices of $2.99 and $1.99, respectively through August 17.  Download and review them today. 
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"Focus on" Webcasts
Cotton Response to Stress - Glen Ritchie, Ph.D., Texas Tech University, Texas A&M AgriLife Research
Begomovirus-Whitefly Vector Complexes: Emerging Threats to Cotton-Vegetable Crop Biosecurity - Judith K. Brown, Ph.D., University of Arizona
Whitefly Management & Prevention of Excess Sugars in Cotton - Peter C. Ellsworth, Ph.D., University of Arizona
Preventing Sticky Cotton Caused by Whitefly & Aphid - Peter B. Goodell, Ph.D., University of California

Phosphorous Acid and its use in Potato Post-Harvest Situations - Steven B. Johnson, University of Maine

Biology and Management of Spider Mites in Soybean - Ada Szczepaniec, South Dakota State University
Identification and Management of the Invasive 'Kudzu Bug' (Megacopta cribraria) - Nicholas Seiter, Clemson University
Grant Outreach Webcast: Fungicide Resistance: A Case Study QoI Resistant Rhizoctonia solani -Clayton A. Hollier, Louisiana State University
Grant Outreach Webcast: Update on Soybean Aphid Biological Control - Thelma T. Heidel-Baker, Iowa State University
Grant Outreach Webcast: Management Using Neonicotinoid-Treated Seed - Christian Krupke, Purdue University
Grant Outreach Webcast: Host Plant Resistance for Soybean Aphid - Erin Hodgson, Iowa State University
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PMN Crop News
Agronomy and Horticulture
Nutrient Reduction Strategies Being Implemented in the Heartland − SFP
Keeping Nutrients in the Field and out of Tile Lines − Michigan State University
Mississippi State University Researchers Explore Early Corn Planting − Mississippi State University
Introduction to Water Table Management − South Dakota State University
DuPont Pioneer Launches Encirca(SM) Yield to Enhance Input Management − DuPont Pioneer
Comparison Study of Planting Methods Shows Drilling Favorable for Organic Farming − American Society of Horticultural Sciences
New Framework Reveals Full Ecological Value of Cover Crops − American Society of Agronomy
Animal Nutrition
Prussic Acid: Nightmare for Cattle Farmers − University of Arkansas
Chromatin and ACI Launch New Sorghum Products in Algeria − Chromatin Inc.
Crop Varieties
Planting the Seeds of Change: New NK Soybean Varieties for 2015 − Syngenta Crop Protection-US
Growers Ask Questions About Tannins and Tillers − Chromatin Inc.
Forage and Rangeland Management
Sorghum Growers Cautioned on Possible Fall Armyworm Invasion − Texas A&M University
Insect Pests / Entomology
Sugarcane Aphids Identified West of I-35 in Texas for First Time − Texas A&M University
New Planthopper Species Found in Spain − Entomological Society of America-PIE Division
Sugarcane Aphids Invade Arkansas Sorghum; Treatment Options Limited − University of Arkansas
For Soybean Insect Management, There’s No Substitute for Scouting, Says Researcher − United Soybean Board
Plant Diseases
APS PRESS Publishes First-of-its-kind Book on Irrigation Water Pathogens, Management − The American Phytopathological Society
Mid-Season Update on Fungicides and Corn Diseases − Iowa State University
Moisture Increases Importance of Scouting − United Soybean Board
Valent Launches INTEGO SUITE System − Valent U.S.A.
Tomato Late Blight Confirmed in Western North Carolina − North Carolina State University
Battle Against Hot Pepper Disease Heats Up − American Society of Agronomy
Climate Change Provides Good Growing Conditions for Charcoal Rot in Soybeans − University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Fend Off Fungicide Resistance − United Soybean Board
Prevention, Management Tips Offered for Citrus Disease Found in Harris County − Texas A&M University
2014 Wheat Harvest has Mixed Outcomes − University of Kentucky
APS PRESS Launches New Edition of Compendium of Rhododendron and Azalea Diseases and Pests − The American Phytopathological Society
Turf Management
"Tailored" Water: Recipe for a Greener Lawn? − Crop Science Society of America
Iron in Your Irrigation Water: Why Lab Results May Not Always Tell the Entire Story − Penn State University
Weed Management
Purdue Weed Scientist: Late-Season Herbicide Applications May be Ineffective − Purdue University
Scout for Palmer Amaranth Now in Soybeans, Before it’s Too Late − Penn State University
On-Target Weed Control: Four Tips to Manage Spray Drift − United Soybean Board
Herbicide-Resistant Weed Threatens No-Till Farming − Kansas State University 
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Featured Journal Articles
Plant Health Progress
Survival of Cercospora sojina on Soybean Leaf Debris in Illinois
Evaluation of Fungicides to Control Loquat Scab Caused by Fusicladium eriobotryae
Puccinia subnitens: An Obscure Rust Pathogen Little-Known for More than a Century
First Report of Pine Wilt in Colorado, USA
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Last Month's Most Popular Journal Articles
Plant Health ProgressThe Effect of 2,4-D Drift Rates on Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Growth and Yield
Forage and GrazinglandsCool-Season Annual Grasses Interseeded into a Bermudagrass with Improved Cold Tolerance for Grazing in the Upper South
Crop ManagementNutrient Sufficiency Concepts for Modern Corn Hybrids: Impacts of Management Practices and Yield Levels
Applied Turfgrass ScienceEffect of Petroleum Diesel and Biodiesel Spills on Turfgrass 
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Job/Internship Listings
Submit new employment/intern listings online. It’s free for partners!
· Assistant Professor, Grain Crop Systems Agronomy, Ecology, and Physiology
· Assistant Professor
View these postings at the PMN Employment/Internship Posting Service. 
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Plant Management Network © 2014
Crop Biotech Update
July 30, 2014

An international team of researchers has sequenced the complete genome of African rice Oryza glaberrima. This new development will enable scientists to develop new rice varieties that are better able to cope with increasing environmental stresses to help solve global hunger challenges.
The research effort was led by Rod Wing, director of the Genomics Institute at the University of Arizona. "Rice feeds half the world, making it the most important food crop," Wing said. He added that the African rice genome is important because many of the genes code for traits that make African rice resistant to environmental stress, such as drought, salinity, and flooding.
The genetic information will enhance understanding of the growing patterns of African rice, and will allow scientists to search for ways to cross Asian and African species to develop new varieties of rice.
The results of the sequencing project were published in an open-access paper by Nature Genetics (doi:10.1038/ng.3044). For more information, read the news release available at:
The newly published  book Biotechnology in Africa: Emergence, Initiatives and Future contains the summary of biotechnology status in Africa with stress on the importance of political will in solving food and nutritional security in Africa. The book was edited by Florence Wambugu and Daniel Kamanga of Africa Harvest Biotech Foundation.
The book offers African voices from multidisciplinary fields to be allowed to set the continent's biotechnology development agenda. According to the authors, Africa's political leaders must see both clear benefits and have elbow-room to drive the change required. This is the way that African... [READ MORE]
The antibiotic resistance of pathogenic microorganisms is a worldwide problem. To solve this, new antibiotics are needed. Magdalena Zuk and researchers from the Wroclaw University in Poland now study the potential of genetically modified flax in producing antibiotics.
Transgenic flax plants produce compounds with potential antimicrobial activity. An alkali hydrolyzed seedcake extract from flax seeds was used against several pathogenic bacteria. Results showed the antibacterial activity of the extract which may be due to bacterial topoisomerase II inhibition and genomic DNA disintegration... [READ MORE]
News from Around the World
Research Highlights
Beyond Crop Biotech

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